Erikson's Stages of Development Chart The most widely accepted theory of how human beings develop from infancy to old age is Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development. At each stage, there is a crisis to be resolved and a virtue to be gained. Jul 23, 2014 · 2. Toddler / Early Childhood Years: 18 Months to 3 Years. Autonomy vs. Shame – Will. The second stage occurs between 18 months and 3 years. At this point, the child has an opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as he or she learns new skills and right from wrong.
Jun 13, 2017 · Erikson theorized that every person moves through eight stages or crises of psychosocial development from birth to death. Between infancy and 18 months of age, babies struggle with trust versus mistrust. The second crisis, which Erickson called autonomy versus shame and doubt, occurs between 2 and 3 years old. Research on Identity. In Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, the emergence of an identity crisis occurs during the teenage years in which people struggle with feelings of identity versus role confusion. Researcher James Marcia (1966, 1976, 1980) has expanded upon Erikson's initial theory.
It is therefore also important to cultivate healthy eating food habits right from pre-teen years. A dolescent development stages Preteens: 10-13 years of age. Interested in youth culture. Peer friendship gains importance. Get more assertive with parents mainly about their own and the peer group’s views.