Note: From 1884 to 1961, accidents fatally injuring five or more employees were classed as disasters. From 1961 to date, accidents fatally injuring three or more employees are classed as disasters. * December 14, 1906 - This explosion killed 4 employees and 2 individuals on the surface near the mine. Last revised: 03/28/16 02:05 PM [MHS&T Homepage] [Publications Page] [ Frequently Asked Questions]. Lick Branch Mine, Switchback, W.Va Lick Branch Mine Relief Committee Disaster at Farmington, WV; Mining Fatalities, 1883-1925 List of Coal Mining Disasters since 1900 from the World Almanac Buffalo Creek Disaster - from the Logan County WVGenWeb Project.
The Upper Big Branch Mine disaster occurred on April 5, 2010 roughly 1,000 feet (300 m) underground in Raleigh County, West Virginia at Massey Energy's Upper Big Branch coal mine located in Montcoal.Twenty-nine out of thirty-one miners at the site were killed. The coal dust explosion occurred at 3:27 pm. The accident was the worst in the United States since 1970, when 38 miners were killed at Coordinates: 37°56′14″N 81°32′37″W / 37.937256°N . "Corrected List of Lick Branch Dead," Bluefield Daily Telegraph, 1-17-1909 "For Lick Branch Widows and Orphans," Bluefield Daily Telegraph, 1-20-1909 "Mid Frightful Shock and Sickening Holocaust Almost An Hundred Perish in Ill-Fated Mine" (reference and date not given).
The term "mine disaster" historically has been applied to mine accidents claiming five or more lives. Mine disasters, in this sense, once were appallingly common. For instance, the single year of 1907 saw 18 coal mine disasters, plus two more disasters in the metal and nonmetal mining industry. West Virginia Mining Explosions and Accidents. Arista, WV Weynneke Coal Mine Explosion, Mar 1923. Arnettsville, WV Gas Explosion In Yukon Mine, Mar 1930. Benwood, WV Mine Explosion Claims Many Lives, Apr 1924. Bergoo, WV Coal Mine Cave-In, Dec 1981.